Posted by Cole Judge
Chester, PA isn’t a city that is readily on everyone’s radar. Chester is a city of approximately 30,000, just 13 miles south of Philadelphia. What was once a thriving manufacturing city with a vibrant downtown, it is now an economically distressed city facing issues of poverty, disinvestment, white flight, unemployment and abandonment.
In the early 1900s, Chester was a city that manufactured textiles, woolens, bricks, engines, irons, war contracts for shipbuilding and auto industries, and had companies such as Scott Paper, Baldt Anchor, Sunship Oil and even a Ford plant. They even had a sign above their downtown that said, “What Chester Makes, Makes Chester.” The city’s identity was intertwined with manufacturing.
Post World War 2, there was no more need for wartime construction, manufacturing companies were bought or merged, racial tensions and riots occurred, and a changing population was left with significant challenges. The 1960s and 1970s were defined by civil rights and environmental battles (i.e. Wade Dump Fire on the first superfund site). In the 1990s and early 2000s, Chester received the Hope VI Grant for public housing upgrades; the SBDC and Chester Microenterprise Partnership was formed; non-profits began to fill the role of community outreach; the Chester City Blog began; and charter schools began to step in to fill the public school gap. Throughout its history, Chester has also dealt with the powerful “Republican Machine” that has almost continuously held power in this city.
Today, Chester is designated as a Strong Cities, Strong Communities (SC2) city. Some of the ways the SC2 initiative is engaged in Chester include:
- Partnering with local anchor institution, Widener University
- Building a Healthier Community
- Expanding the Conversation on Education Reform
- Economic Diversification and Small Business Development
- Neighborhood Redevelopment and Repurposing of Properties
- Crime Prevention and Reduction
One of the most significant takeaways for me in Fresno was the role that Widener University took on as an anchor institution. Widener plays a large role in the local community from holding meetings, initiating a coalition of local universities to become involved also (i.e. Swarthmore, Penn State), creating a charter school, curating a historical timeline exhibit, and being a space that is open to the community. While some design elements physically separate the campus from the community (the interstate), the university is actively engaging in improving the lives of the citizens of Chester. The President of the University spoke to the SC2 fellows, showing that his true leadership is what brought this mission to the limelight. Widener University is a model anchor institution that Fresno can look to for community engagement. Some of Widner’s initiatives include:
- Curation of an informative timeline of Chester, Widener, and United States history that can be accessed online here
- Creation of a charter school, committing to the education to the children of Chester
- Convening a task force of fellow universities located in and around Chester for collaborative community engagement
Chester reminded me that cities need to capitalize on what they have, honor what they have lost, stay connected to its history and creatively and collaboratively look forward to what you have to gain as things change.